November is the time that belongs to fall and winter. With shorter days and cooler temperatures, the pace of gardening slows down as plants stop growing fast. However, this does not mean that gardeners will spend three months doing nothing. There is still a lot of work to be done in the fall and winter - in preparation for gardening the following spring.
Gardepot has prepared this article to help you have a fulfilling fall and winter in your gardening. Let's take a look at some of the garden jobs for fall and winter.
Cleaning up your garden is the first important task. Remove any dead plant material from your garden and add it to your compost pile. Use a rake to clear the lawn of fallen leaves and pick up any fallen fruit around the fruit trees. These actions will eliminate overwintering diseases and pest habitats.
Pruning is done during the dormant period of deciduous trees and shrubs. However, it is worth doing a little research on each plant to become familiar with its pruning requirements. For example, pruning early bloomers such as azaleas, flowering quince or forsythia in the fall will remove flower buds and reduce the spring bloom display. If these plants need pruning, it should be done after they have finished flowering.
Consider planting a winter vegetable garden. There are many vegetables that are able to withstand the cold and grow. Radish, spinach, pea and onion seeds can be planted in October or November. Cauliflower, broccoli, lettuce and radish seedlings can be planted in November. If you don't want a winter garden, mulch your summer garden with straw, grass clippings or shredded leaves to clean it up. The mulch will deter weeds and provide soil nutrients for next year's garden.
Planting bare-root trees and shrubs during the dormant winter months allows for a healthy root system to develop before spring germination. Fall is also the time to plant bulbs and perennials. Flood the soil surface with water, then cover the soil with mulch. Renovate flower beds by weeding, adding organic matter and tilling the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Refresh the existing mulch around planted plants.
Conduct an irrigation review and adjust your watering schedule to match the lower water demands of the fall and winter months. If you have an automatic watering system, make sure it is working properly. When it rains or snows, remember to turn it off. In addition to that, beware of hoses freezing in your outdoor garden due to cold temperatures. After all, you don't want to see your equipment damaged.
If you are planning to start a new garden bed, fall is a good time to do so before you face the rush of spring gardening. If you are planning to start a new flower bed on an existing lawn, a good way to do this is to cover it with thick newspaper and then lay down a layer of mulch. This will kill the lawn and the flower bed will be ready for work in early spring without the hassle of manually removing the sod.
Finally, clean and sharpen your tools. Keeping your tools clean will help prevent the spread of disease and extend the life of your tools. If you prune sick plants, disinfect your shears, loppers or saws with a dilute bleach solution, dry them and apply a thin coat of oil. Sharp tools will produce a clean cut, and a clean cut heals faster. If you have empty planters that you plan to reuse, remove the dirt with a coarse brush and rinse them off with water.